Mathematics Policy

Revision History

Version Date Comments  Review Date
7 Summer 2014 Amended, approved and issued Summer 2016
6 Summer 2012 Amended, approved and issued Summer 2014
5 July 2010 Amended, approved and issued Summer 2012
4 July 2008 Amended, approved and issued July 2010
3 October 2006 Approved and issued October 2007
2 October 2005 Approved and issued September 2006
1 September 2005 First draft

Rationale

Mathematics is important in everyday life, it teaches children how to make sense of the world, developing a child’s ability to calculate, reason and to solve problems.

Aims & Objectives

The aims of Mathematics are:

  • To encourage a positive attitude towards mathematics and to develop an awareness of the usefulness of mathematics in everyday life.
  • The mathematics teaching at St John’s is geared towards enabling each pupil to develop within their capabilities.
  • We aim to increase pupil confidence in maths so they are able to express themselves and their ideas using the language of maths with assurance.
  • Ability to solve problems, to think logically and to work systematically and accurately.
  • To develop a practical understanding of the ways in which information is gathered and presented.
  • To explore features of shape and develop measuring skills in a range of contexts.
  • To develop the ability to use and apply mathematics across the curriculum and in real life.

Inclusion and equal opportunities

In all classes there are children of differing mathematical ability and this is recognised by matching tasks to the ability of each child, through personalised learning. A range of strategies are used to achieve this: group work, working in pairs, targeting teacher input, use of classroom support etc. As a staff we endeavour to maintain an awareness of, and to provide for equal opportunities for all our pupils in mathematics. We aim to take into account cultural background, gender and Special Needs, both in our teaching attitudes and in the published materials we use with our pupils.

Special educational Needs (SEN)

Children with SEN are taught within the daily mathematics lesson and are encouraged to take part at a level which is accessible for them. Where necessary teachers will, in consultation with the SENCO, draw up an Individual Educational Plan for a child. Where applicable children’s IEP’s incorporate suitable objectives from the New Primary Curriculum for Mathematics, teachers keep these objectives in mind when planning work. Following data analysis it may be appropriate to target intervention at specific groups of children, in these instances a Group Educational Plan is developed with common objectives and learning targets the particular intervention group. In addition it may become obvious from data analysis that individual pupils may need targeted intervention for a specific weakness in mathematics, whilst this does not always require the need for an IEP at school action level in some cases pupils may be given special education plans for maths.

Able and Talented

Children with a special ability and who are high achievers in mathematics will be identified and learning opportunities will be matched to their needs. In this instance such children will be set activities which provide appropriate challenges for them. At the end of KS2 the children deemed as gifted and talented will sit the level 6 Statutory Assessment Tests, they are provided extra coaching in preparation for this test. There is also a ‘calculation challenge’ mathematics award for the more able year 6 pupils, within our mental mathematics award system.

English as an additional language (EAL)

In the daily mathematics lesson we support children with English as an additional language in a variety of ways including repeating instructions, speaking clearly, emphasising key words using picture cues. We believe that using key vocabulary is most important for all pupils in the daily mathematics lesson, for this reason a key vocabulary for each unit is found on the medium term planning. The key vocabulary for each unit is usually written down and displayed for all children.

Planning

Mathematics is a core subject in the National Curriculum; from September 2014 teachers will teach the new curriculum for mathematics throughout the school. All of the statutory objectives are covered; alongside these the non-statutory objectives are also taught.

  • long term

Teaching staff are given an overview of the general topics to be taught throughout the year.

  • medium term

At the start of each half-term teachers are provided with the termly topics and the objectives that need to be covered. Included in this medium term plan is both statutory and non-statutory objectives that need to be covered and a list of key vocabulary which should be used by teachers and children during the topic.

  • short term/weekly – produced by the classroom teacher on a specific planning sheet. This is monitored termly by the maths subject leader.

Class teachers complete a weekly planning sheet for mathematics. These plans include 5 weekly warm-up activities including 2x number, 1 x handling data, 1x shape and space and 1x using and applying. Each lesson has a learning objective for the main part of the lesson and differentiation is made clear on the planning. The amount of support for each group is made clear and target children are highlighted in purple. At least once a fortnight a Patterns, puzzles and problems (PPP) lesson is taught, the aim of this lesson is for pupils to apply their mathematical learning to find a pattern or to solve puzzles or problems of some kind.

Short-term planning is saved to the shared area (ICT based folder) each week for monitoring purposes. Each week the subject leader monitors the short-term planning, alongside the appropriate books, this monitoring takes place on a weekly rolling cycle. The outcome of the monitoring is fed back to the class teacher by the subject leader and shared with the senior leadership team.

Mathematics is taught in the Foundation Stage and mathematical aspects of the children’s work are related to the objectives set out in the Early Learning Goals which underpin the curriculum planning for children aged three to five. Practitioners support children in developing their understanding of number and shape space and measure in a broad range of contexts in which they can explore, enjoy, learn, practise and talk about their developing understanding. Practitioners offer opportunities for these skills to be practised, in order to give children confidence and competence in their use.

Implementation, organisation and resources.

St John’s teaches a daily numeracy lesson throughout the school. Lessons generally follow the format of a mental and oral starter, a main activity and a plenary session. The teaching of maths at St John’s provides opportunities for:

  • practical activities and mathematical games
  • problem solving
  • individual, group and whole class discussions and activities
  • open and closed tasks
  • a range of methods of calculating e.g. Mental, pencil and paper and using a calculator
  • working with computers as a mathematical tool
  • investigations

The school use a range of resources to aid the teaching of mathematics to provide an intervention examples include Numecon and Abacus.

At St John’s we recognise the importance of establishing a secure foundation in mental calculation and recall of number facts for this reason the pupils take a maths mental test on at least a fortnightly basis (weekly for KS2 pupils) .The focus of this is to strengthen children’s oral and mental skills and to build confidence through regular practice.

In addition to our regular mental maths tests we also aim to cover a range of objectives during our mental maths warm ups, rather than simply covering number. It is for this reason that each teacher in KS1 and KS2 have a thematic approach to warm ups – this is broken down into 2 number warm ups, one shape and space, one handling data and one using and applying per week. This approach not only ensures variety for our pupils but also coverage of the key objectives for that year. It is the teachers decision which order these warm ups are placed in. Furthermore, each class in KS1 and KS2 have a “Number of the Week” poster clearly displayed in the maths area – pupils select a number (often at random) and use this number to generate discussion this can be related to facts, patterns, shape etc. This is adapted by the class teacher to suit each specific year group and the specific needs of the learners.

In addition to this at St John’s we recognise the importance of giving our pupils the opportunity to apply the skills that are acquired during daily lessons to everyday situations and problems. It is for this reason that each teacher at KS1 (once per fortnight) and KS2 dedicate one lesson per week to “PPP – Patterns, Puzzles and problems” – this lesson aims to stimulate pupil’s enthusiasm for maths, as well as ensuring that they are able to apply skills learned to several situations. During the Patterns, puzzles and problems lessons pupils may use role play, drawings, art, games, quizzes etc. to solve everyday maths problems in an often practical and fun way.

Dedicated time in the school day is given to increase, practise and consolidate the knowledge of the multiplication and division facts through practical activities and quizzes. Each term the pupils in KS1 and KS2 are working towards a specific award: ‘Mental Mathematics Awards’. Each year group is challenged with learning some multiplication tables (up to year 4) and other related mathematical facts e.g. prime numbers, factors, multiples, converting measures etc.(years 5 and 6). See table below for details of the objectives covered by the awards and the names of each award:

A summary of awards, objectives and prizes.

Age related objectives Award name Award
Year 1 Count on or back in 1s, 2s, 5s &10s and use this knowledge to derive the multiples of 2, 5 and 10 to the twelfth multiple. Derive and recall multiplication facts for the

2, 5 and 10 times-tables

 

Marvellous Multiplies Certificate
Terrific Tables Certificate
Brainy Badge Badge
Year 2 Derive and recall multiplication facts for the 2, 5 and 10 times-tables and the related division facts; recognise multiples of 2, 5 & 10. Daring Division Certificate
Perfect Pencil Pencil
Year 3 Derive and recall multiplication and division facts for 3, 4, 6 and 8 times tables.Continue to practise multiplication facts for 2, 5 and 10 times tables also. Tricky Tables Certificate
Super Sharing Certificate
Brilliant Bookmark Bookmark
Year 4 Derive and recall all multiplication and division facts for 7, 9, 11 and 12 times tables.Derive and recall multiplication facts up to 12 × 12 including the corresponding division facts and multiples of numbers up to the twelfth multiple. Tougher Tables Certificate
Dashing Division Pen
Fast Facts Certificate
Year 5 Recall quickly multiplication facts up to 12 × 12, use to multiply pairs of multiples of 10 and 100 and derive quickly corresponding division facts.Solve problems involving converting from hours to minutes; minutes to seconds; years to months; weeks to days. Convert between analogue and digital clocks.

To convert between different units of measure (kilometre and metre; metre and centimetre; centimetre and millimetre; kilogram and gram; litre and millilitre).

 

Multiplication Mix-up Certificate
Time Trouble Certificate
Magnificent Measures Ruler
Year 6 Use knowledge of place value and multiplication facts to 12 × 12 to derive related multiplication and division facts involving decimal numbers, e.g. 0.8 × 7, 4.8 ÷ 6Use knowledge of multiplication facts to derive quickly squares of numbers to 12 × 12 and the corresponding squares of multiples of 10.

Square numbers, prime numbers, converting

measures and division rules.

Converting between fractions, decimals and percentages.

Calculating percentages and fractions of amounts. Multiplying and dividing by 10, 100 and 1000. Calculating the range, median, mode and mean of a data set. Basic Algebra.

Dastardly Division Certificate
Supreme Squares Certificate
Rapid Recall Certificate
Fact Frenzy Leather bookmark
Gifted Year 6 Simplifying and adding/subtracting fractions.Comparing fractions, decimals and percentages.

Percentages of amounts.

Simplifying algebraic expressions.

Calculator Challenge Calculator

 

Children work their way through each stage and receive a celebratory reward, which varies from certificates, to pencils, to bookmarks to finally receiving their own calculators in preparation for the level 6 test.

Guided maths takes place within classes on a regular basis, either by the class teacher or an additional adult. This is focussed time where the children are given the opportunity to explore different learning contexts and develop their use of reasoning and mathematical language; whilst giving the teacher/additional adult the opportunity to diagnose barriers to progress and teach a specific skill. Specific targeted children are highlighted in purple on the weekly planning sheets, these pupils will have more guided maths compared with the rest of the class since they have been identified as needing extra support during data analysis.

These are consistent calculation policies for addition, subtraction, multiplication and division; these are used from foundation stage to year 6.

All classrooms have appropriate resources, additional resources are found in the communal area in key stage 2, where there are labelled boxes for practical work. All teachers should organise an area within the classroom dedicated to mathematics resources and key words, this area is clearly indicated with a banner. This area is easily accessible to all children and allows them to become familiar with all resources.

Children’s books, marking and presentation

Children are given a WALT (We Are Learning To) at the start of each lesson, this focuses their learning. At the end of each lesson children self assess their understanding by using the ‘traffic light’ system – a red stamp may be placed (need more help), orange (little unsure) or green (fully understand). Children’s books are marked daily and teachers use ‘closing the gap marking’ for children over a period of time (i.e. not every child every day). This is an effective way of giving written feedback and helps to ensure that children make accelerated progress. All children use books with squares in and it is one square for one digit. Children are encouraged to work tidily and neatly when recording their work. The level of support given is indicated for each child using stamp at the end of each piece of work. If no stamp has been used it is assumed that the work has been done independently.

Use of ICT and cross curricular links

ICT is used in mathematics lessons where it will enhance learning. A range of software is available including Interactive Teaching Programmes (ITPs) and graphs. Throughout the whole curriculum opportunities exist to extend and promote mathematics. Teachers seek to take advantage of all opportunities. In addition every child in ks1 and ks2 has a my.maths password and login. This can be accessed by children at home, homework can be set and progress can be assessed for every child using the programme.

Health and Safety

Health and safety issues are taken into account when planning practical lessons.

Assessment

At St John’s we are continually assessing our pupils progress, all data is recorded on DCPro and discussed during our regular pupil progress meetings. All pupils work is formatively assessed at the end of every lesson and teachers’ make a decision regarding how best to move individual pupils on in their learning. In addition to this pupils take part in summative assessment at the end of each half term, the pupils are given level appropriate tests, which are marked by the class teacher. The class teacher uses these tests, along with professional judgement to assign a level to each child in the class. National Tests are used for children in Years 2 and 6. In addition to this once a results from the regular mental mathematics test are also used by the teacher to make an informed decision regarding levels and progress of each child. This is followed by discussion with the whole class so that any misconceptions can be put right and the different methods used are discussed.

Monitoring

The maths coordinator is released regularly from his/her classroom in order to work alongside other teachers. This time is also used to monitor and evaluate the quality and standards of mathematics throughout the school by monitoring planning examining children’s books and pupils’ interviews. There is a rota where throughout each half term each class is monitored once. There is also a link governor for mathematics who has the opportunity to observe maths lessons on a regular basis and hold regular meetings with the numeracy co-ordinator. Each year the maths coordinator attends a governors meeting to report on the progress made in each key stage and as a school.